Typically whenever a very large patch of forest (sometimes extending to a few hill ranges, covering possibly over a hundred sq km) was under no-use zone, it indicates possibilities of ownership conflicts between two or more villages. This appeared to be the case in the forests being protected by Runguzu village along with Thevopitsu, K.Basa, K.Bave, Thiphuzu, Phesachadu, Porba, Sakraba and Pholami. Zanibu peak and surrounding mountains protected by these villages are considered an area of biodiversity significance by conservationists working in Nagaland2. They have also been declared an Important Bird Area (IBA) by Bombay Natural History Society, following the BirdLife International indictors. During our visit it was very obvious that this patch of forest was having an ownership dispute among these villages. However, there also was a management committee, which consisted of the VC chairpersons of all these villages, for the management of these forests. We could not get a better understanding of how this committee functions or how the individual VCs coordinate with each other on matters related to these forests.