Patharghara village is located in Chandua block of Mayurbhanj district in Orissa.
This village is adjacent to a patch of forest legally classified as village forest and falling under the jurisdiction of the revenue department.
The tribal communities residing in the village are mainly the santhal, bhuyan, dehuri (kharia) and kudumi people. The village is divided into three hamlets and falls under Patihinja Panchayat. Cultivation, daily wages and NTFP collection are among the main sources of income for this village.
The villagers of Patharghara have traditional access to the surrounding forests. Besides collections for subsistence, the villagers’ also use the forest for sericulture, which is a major source of income for the villagers. Over the years, with unregulated usage of the forest, coupled with the loss of forest cover in the neighbouring areas, much pressure was being exerted on this forest, and by 1986 the forest had already reduced to a few trees.