Kikruma Village

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 Location  Ecosystem Type    Conservation Type    Area(hectare)  Legal status 
Phek, Nagaland  Forest  Ecosystem Conservation 70  Privately Owned

Case Study (2009)


In addition to the detailed case studies presented in this volume, Nagaland is full of stories of different village communities having regulated the use of certain patches of forests in various ways. Some have declared hunting bans; others have prescribed no forest use at all; while yet others have declared seasonal ban on hunting or other uses. The degree of success in implementing the rules also varies from community to community. In Zonheboto and Phek districts, signposts have been put up along many roads by village youth associations, warning readers that the area is under strict protection. According to wildlife enthusiasts who visit the state regularly, these signboards are effective enough to deter hunters. In a state like Nagaland this is of great significance. These areas are among the few where one can see direct signs of any wildlife in the otherwise silent forests of Nagaland. Kikruma village is one of the examples on which we could not gather detailed information and is hence briefly presented below.

In Kikruma village, after deciding on declaring a wildlife reserve the VC faced a challenge as to which land to declare as a wildlife reserve. The land in the entire village is individually owned, and villagers were not ready to part with their land. The VC then decided to buy the land from those who were ready to sell it. Since water conservation was one of the main objectives, the land on the top of the ridge was selected. The VC lobbied with the local MLAs and managed to get sufficient resources to buy all the land covering the top of the ridge, which was being used for jhum cultivation. This area covers about 70 ha. Subject to availability of funds, the village elders intend to buy off more land along the same ridge. This forest is currently being used to meet the firewood requirements by the villagers and hunting seems to be still prevalent here.

1 Source: Field visit to Phek District by Kalpavriksh team in 2005

This case study was part of the Directory on Community Conserved Areas (2009), published by Kalpavriksh. The directory can be downloaded here.

Recent Updates

Nature conservation for community and schools encouraged at Kikruma

Workshop on nature conservation

Forest Department officers, village council leaders and students of St Peter School, Kikruma attend a seminar cum workshop on nature conservation.

Community-led conservation increases wildlife population 

Wild animals and bird’s population in Chakhesang areas under Phek district have reportedly registered a drastic increase following the biodiversity conservation effort of the Chakhesang Public Organization.

‘Clean & Green Kikruma’ launched

To regenerate the degraded forest with green plantations to circumvent water scarcity in the village, a “Clean & Green Environment Drive” programme was jointly organised by Phek Forest Division and Kikruma Village Council at Kikruma village.

Related Information

Community Conservation Initiatives in Nagaland: Opportunities and Challenges

A 2009 report on Community COnserved Areas in Nagaland.

Rüza: Sustainable Development Practice in Kikruma Village, Nagaland, India

A 2018 paper on sustainable development practice in Kikruma which is a combination of irrigation, agriculture, forest and animal husbandry as well as with well founded conservation base, soil erosion control, water resources development, and management and preservation of natural vegetation.

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