Khawrakrai village is located near the town of Hamren. This is a small village inhabited by the karbi tribe. Since 2003 the village is protecting an area of 6.70sq km. Prior to this the entire forest land was used for jhum (shifting cultivation) by the villagers.
In the 1990s the area was also extensively harvested for a local species of bamboo for paper mills. Illegal extraction of timber was also common. These activities resulted in severe degradation of local forest resources. Subsequently, the communities started experiencing scarcity of water, firewood, grazing land, construction material, wild edible plants, and wild animals in the forests.
Because of an earlier intervention from the forest department (FD), where they had helped villagers plant some forest species, the communities were already aware of the importance of forests. With the entry of the NERCORMP-IFAD1 project, the communities decided to revive protection of their village reserved forests as a community conserved area.