Before the villagers’ effort at conservation, the hill was largely degraded, with intensive use for firewood, timber, etc. by the villagers. Degradation of the forest resulted in drying up of the watersources in the village, which compelled the village to decide to relocate to another site. This decision was vehemently opposed by the village elders, who suggested that the catchment of the watersource should be regenerated to bring water back to the village. Thus the village started protecting the degraded patch. In an attempt to regenerate the degraded forest, the village authority strictly enforced a rule that no live trees should be cut in the forests without permission. It was decided that for every tree cut without permission, an initial fine of Rs 500 would be levied. A consecutive ‘offence’ by the same individual was punishable with an increase in fine. As the villagers could not afford to pay in cash, the penalty was imposed in kind – a pig. Thus a first offence would attract a fine of a small pig costing around Rs 500. The second offence would cost a juvenile pig costing around Rs 1000. The third offence would cost a mature pig costing around Rs 13,0001. The villagers normally refrain from committing any offence in the protected forest, and if need be approach the village authority for permission. Permission is sometimes granted for cutting dead or mature trees. The authority does not allow hunting of wild animals in the protected forest area. If an animal being chased for hunting outside the protected forest takes refuge in this patch, it is spared.