Kalpavalli Forests

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 Location  Ecosystem Type    Conservation Type    Area(hectare)  Legal status 
 Anantpur, Andhra Pradesh  Mixed  Ecosystem Conservation  3513  Not Available

Case Study (2009)


Timbaktu Collective is an organisation based in Anantpur district of Andhra Pradesh. The collective has been working on ecological restoration, natural resource management, women’s empowerment, alternative education, etc. The natural resource management project of the Collective has been concentrating on 8 villages of CK Palli and Roddam mandals since early 1990s. The overall objective of this project is to help the villagers protect and conserve their natural and common property resources so as to improve their livelihood conditions. One of the villages where this work began is Mushtikovila.

The Collective started mobilisation of this village through regular conversations in 1992. In 1993 the villagers agreed to regenerate 150 acres of their waste common lands. By 2004, eight villages in the area had started regenerating forests in their vicinity with the help of newly established village level forest protection committees (FPCs). The eight villages have also established a federation called Kalpavalli Adavi Samakya, which is protecting and helping regenerate 8,500 acres of contiguous forests.

The Samakya has 1320 members in the general body. The individual FPCs undertake activities like fire control, seed dibbling, soil and water conservation works, etc., with the help of the Collective. They have also appointed forest watchers for regular patrolling in the forest. The other activities of the FPCs include monitoring the forest watchers, planning activities to be undertaken in the protected forests, decisions related to the tamarind orchards (these orchards have been established on 273 acres in 9 villages with support from the district administration and the Collective), collection of fines from those cutting trees, sale of date-palm fronds and operating their respective bank accounts. All the FPCs meet regularly and participate in the federation meetings.

In the year 2003-4 there was a plan to construct windmills in this area. The federation wrote letters to the collector requesting him to not construct these mills in the area falling under the protected forests of villages Kogira, Kambalapalli, and Shyapuram.

Given the acute shortage of grass in this area, the Collective organised a number of awareness programmes about the need and ways of conserving grass and preventing fires.

Grass is one of the most important needs of this very dry and drought prone area. 2003-4, was the fourth successive year of drought. Yet Kalpavalli continued to produce grass. 3,222 farmers from 109 villages cut and took 6,948 cart-loads of grass worth Rs 27,79,200 and generating 55,584 workdays. Besides this, 1500 cattle and 5000 goat and sheep were brought here for grazing.

The date-palm tree has regenerated profusely along the main stream in the Kalpavalli forests. These trees are of great support to the poor in this area, particularly during droughts. The FPCs have been reaping benefits from the sale of date-palm fronds to basket- and mat-makers and as fees from the toddy-tappers. The poorest sections of the population here have been benefiting from collection and sale of dates in the local markets in summer. It is estimated that 54 people earned about Rs 79,828 from the sale of dates during May 2003.

  All information has been extracted from the annual report (2003-2004) of the Timbaktu Collective, titled ‘In Celebration of Life’.

Timbaktu Collective,
C.K. Palli Village, Anantpur district,
Andhra Pradesh, India 515101
Ph: 08559-240335, 240149, 240337
E-mail: [email protected]; Website: www.timbaktu.org

This case study was part of the Directory on Community Conserved Areas (2009), published by Kalpavriksh. The directory can be downloaded here.

Recent Updates

The Soil Has Veins

A present day story on Kalpavalli landscape, forest and developmental work being done therein.

Making a pig’s ear of it

An article on the conservation and restoration efforts at Timbaktu Collective-promoted Kalpavalli forest.

Kalpavalli Conservation Area: A Biodiversity Assessment

A survey to make an assessment and provide recommendations for the Kalpavalli community conserved area and the biodiversity that it supports with a special focus on mammalian, avian and herpetological fauna.

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