Around the year 1990, villagers of Garoora gathered to discuss a serious problem that that was threatening the existence of their village. Flash floods in the adjoining mountain stream were destroying the crops in the village. Minimum rain in the catchment area of the lake was enough to cause, these previously unheard of flash floods, which would wash away a whole year’s crop. Villagers were considering a possibility of migrating to another site.
While a heated discussion was proceeding, an elder resident Lalla Lone reminded the villagers that the flash floods were a recent phenomenon, which never occurred in his childhood. He begged the villagers to go to the root of the problem and figure out why the flash floods were taking place now. On his suggestion and after further discussions the villagers realised that the main reason behind the flash floods were deforestation of the catchment forests.
Villagers then decided to enclose an area of 100 acres (40 ha) constituting the catchment of the stream. Grazing, fuelwood collection, and other extractions were strictly banned in this patch. This protected area was fenced by a barbed wised purchased by the villagers by pooling in resources. In addition, the state government employed forest guards were barred from entering the protected forest. They believed that dishonest forest guards will facilitate the entry of timber smugglers into this forest.
The 60, households in the village decided to contribute, Rs. 30 per month to pay two local boys, appointed as forest guards by the village.