secrngIndiafut icon 

Securing India's Future: Final Technical Report of the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP)

Kalpavriksh, 2005 Rs 150

This publication consists of:

1. A full-colour booklet containing the Concise Version of the report (about 70 pages), and

2. a CD containing the full report in two volumes (approx. 1300 pages), 28 state/union territory action plans, 16 local action plans, 12 thematic action plans, 10 ecoregional action plans, 35 subthematic papers, over 20 methodological and conceptual notes, and images of the NBSAP process.

The NBSAP process, carried out over the period 2000-2004, undertook a nation-wide exercise of information collation and planning. It involved over 50,000 people in various activities and events. The resulting document, with detailed recommendations on all aspects of biodiversity, has unfortunately been moving at snail's pace at the Ministry of Environment and Forests (which commissioned it in the first place...but that's another story!). The final action plan is yet to emerge from MoEF, and we have no idea what it will contain. Hence we are publishing this report on our own, and making it available to the public.

The CD containing the full report (described above) is also available separately. It contains two volumes (approx. 1300 pages), covering 28 state/union territory action plans, 16 local action plans, 12 thematic action plans, 10 eco-regional action plans, 35 subthematic papers, over 20 methodological and conceptual notes, and images of the NBSAP process.

 Sourcebook on CommunityBasedConsvSA icon

Source Book on Community Based Conservation in South Asia: People, Policies and Publications 2000, Pp. 127, Quarto size, Colour cover

Compiled by Farhad Vania, Neema Pathak, Ashish Kothari and Tejaswini Apte,

This is a resource guide on Community- Based Conservation (CBC) in South Asia. The guide is divided into three sections. Within each section, each country of the South Asian region is dealt with separately. The first section consists of a listing of people and organisations in South Asia involved in work related to CBC. The second section contains an extensive bibliography of references related to CBC in South Asia, including relevant laws and policies of the region. The final section contains brief descriptions of the salient features of the laws and policies listed in the bibliography.

Available for Download
 guideIPR icon

A Simple guide to Intellectual Property Rights, Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge

Pp 150 Rs 150, Tejaswini Apte

 This publication is part of the Biodiversity Information Pack, produced by Kalpavriksh, Grain  and IIED.

 Patents, intellectual property right, biopiracy … these terms are appearing more and more frequently in the news. It is clear even to the layperson that these are controversial issues. What is not so clear is what they mean. What implications do they have for an ordinary citizen? Why are they such a hot topic of debate? What connection do intellectual property rights (IPRs) have with biological resources> what is the link to India’s traditional knowledge, such as the medicinal properties of turmeric that were patented in the USA a few years ago?

This handbook introduces the world of IPRs, biodiversity and biodiversity-related traditional knowledge in clear, simple language. Presented in a Question and Answer  format,  it  begins  with  the  most  basic  questions and progresses to more complex issues, making it easily accessible to laypersons as well as those who are already familiar with the subject. The Jargon Buster section breaks through the complicated language commonly used in IPR-related writing, and is designed to be a handy reference.

IPRs and private monopolies over biological resources and related traditional knowledge can have direct negative effects on India’s food security, biological diversity, the protection of traditional knowledge, and the rights of traditional communities such as farmers and forest dwellers.

Despite the wide-ranging implications of IPRs, debate on these issues is restricted to a relatively small number of policy-makers and academics. The overall impression is that ‘IPRs’ is a subject that only specialists can deal with. This needs to change especially because IPR-related policies and decisions affect all of us, often adversely. The world of IPRs must be demystified, and enter national mainstream debate so that advocacy groups, NGOs, media persons, public servants, local communities and all other citizens can understand and engage with the issues.

This handbook is a step towards filling the gap of user-friendly information and encouraging mainstream debate on IPRs, biodiversity and traditional knowledge. It is hoped that readers will use this handbook in a variety of ways: to design their advocacy campaigns, to take the debate into the mainstream media, or to engage with their government whether as public servants, as informed members of the public, or as organized campaigners.


Where Communities Care: Community Based Wildlife and Ecosystem Management in South Asia 2000 Pp. 222, Quarto size, Colour cover, Rs 100

Ashish Kothari, Neema Pathak and Farhad Vania

This book includes an ecological and socio-economic profile of South Asia. It describes the history and current status of biodiversity conservation in general and Community Wildlife Management (CWM) in particular, in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Also given is a description of the major ecological, economic, social and policy-level impacts of CWM, and a regional analysis of the issues arising out of CWM and possible follow-up actions at local, national and regional levels. It is based on case studies from India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Available for Download

 SharingtheBenefitsofBiodiversity icon

Sharing the Benefits of Biodiversity: The Kani-TBGRI deal in Kerala, India

2000, Pp. 43, Quarto size, Colour cover, 7 colour pictures,  R.V. Anuradha

The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) concluded at the Earth Summit in 1992, mandates that where utilisation of the knowledge, innovations and practices of local and indigenous communities leads to benefits, such benefits shall be equitably shared with the holders of such knowledge, innovations and practices. The study analyses some of the issues that have emerged in the context of a ‘benefit-sharing exercise’ attempted by the Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (TBGRI) - a research institute based in Kerala - with the Kani tribals of Kerala. This was pursuant to the development of a pharmaceutical drug based on the knowledge and natural resources that Kanis nurtured over many years.