Nepal, Kathamandu, 2nd -3rd August 2010

(Forest Action, Nepal and Kalpavriksh, India)


Field visit to Roopa Tal in Nepal along with other South Asian participants   (Ashish Kothari)

Main emerging issues

  • Recognize, respect existing practices of conservation through process that does not undermine customary practices and systems.
  • Providing financial, technical, and livelihoods support and helping them, fight external threats
  • Considering relevant ones as part of PA network (if desired by community) hence considering CCAs as one of the governance types of PAs
  • Reporting them to global database (with appropriate community consent)
  • Securing rights of communities over the resources they are conserving.



  • Contradictions between local conservation initiatives and policies leading to confusion on ground
  • Bureaucratic hassles creating difficulties in creation of Community Forestry Users Groups (CFUGs), procedures requiring skills which communities are unlikely to posses and hence increasing dependence on outsiders.
  • Inadequate consultation with local people while declaring new protected areas, no debates and discussions about the governance of those PAs, even if some of them include areas conserved by the communities.
  • Lack of integration of sporadic conservation initiatives at a larger landscape level conservation to enhance scale of conservation
  • No tenure security for the conserving communities
  • No clear benefit sharing provisions and mechanisms for those conserving the resources
  • No clarity of jurisdictions between various government departments
  • Lack of adequate sensitivity or respect towards sacred sites of indigenous peoples
  • No linkage between conservation, poverty and development related programmes
  • Lack of harmonization between traditional resource use practices with new regimes of forest management.


Follow up action


  • The representatives of local communities and indigenous peoples and their formal and informal organization decided to form a network of ICCAs in Nepal with the support from the civil society organizations. The network came up with a plan to expand its scope and engage in further dialogue within its own respective constituency. The network was represented by the following groups:

ICCA Sherpas in Khumbu region

Rupa Wetland Fisheries Cooperative, Kaski

Committee of proposed Rhododendron Community Conservation Area (Tinjure-Milkey-Jaljaley)

Indigenous Chepang youth managing forest in a landscape, Chitwan

Godavari Kunda Community Forest, Lalitpur

Panchasey hill forest landscape, Parbat-Syanja-Kaski

Buffer Zone Community Forest from Chitwan national park.

Kanchenjunga Conservation Area


See Annexure 4 for details