Draft or final reports of these all five consultations are attached. The summary of the same is given below:

Bangladesh, Dhaka, 24th-25th October 2010

(Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh and Kalpavriksh, India)


Main objectives

  • To discuss CCA status, trends, challenges and potentials
  • To identify ways and means for developing a sustainable CCA constituency in Bangladesh
  • To discuss strategic provisions and priority actions in support of CCA

National consultation on CCAs in Bangladesh, Dhaka  (Ashish Kothari)

The challenges for CCAs:

  • Unclear legal status and tenure (e.g. Unsclassed State Forests in Chittogong Hill Tract)
  • Lack of social and legal recognition as CCAs (e.g. to well conserved mouza forests)
  • Lack of information on ecological and social values of CCAs.
  • Threats from inappropriate ‘development’ processes (mining, agricultural expansion, dams…)
  • Internal community inequalities, political vested interests
  • Over-extraction, excessive hunting
  • Inadequate livelihood options
  • Lack of financial sustainability of initiative

Needs of CCAs in Bangladesh:

  • Continuation of identification and documentation of CCAs
  • Mapping of CCAs for long term ecological and social monitoring
  • Study of ecological & socio-economic values
  • Legal and policy measures for recognition (national and regional laws, e.g. CHT Regulation)
  • Coordination between different departments
  • Generating livelihoods for the conserving communities
  • Capacity building including the community’s capacity to generate various financial and other resources required
  • Recommendations for appropriate awards for good community conservation and governance practices
  • Helping in formulation of various local, supra local support networks and network at the national level
  • However the need is to make all these more appropriate for CCAs taking into account local peculiarities. This can be done by framing of appropriate rules within a timeframe and with the participation of the local communities; important that CCAs are provided control and allowed to manage with their own institutions while the laws and policies provide a larger framework and checks and balances.



At the end of the workshop the participants were able to:

    • Get a lucid idea about the concept of CCAs in general and sharing of experiences from within Bangladesh and the other parts of the world.
    • Know more about community based conservation programmes of different countries
    • Understand the values of CCAs and how they are maintained
    • Challenges of CCAs face and what can be/has been done in certain situations
    • Policy initiatives by other countries and their relevance for Bangladesh
    • Importance of continuation of identification and documentation
    • Major international support tools for CCAs
    • Needs of CCAs in Bangladesh and what can be done about it
    • Way of ensuring adequate recognition for CCAs under existing and proposed laws and policies

Follow up action


  • As a follow up UNDP Bangladesh in collaboration with Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh and Kalpavriksh is drawing of a 5-year plan for support of CCAs in Bangladesh.  Programme details are currently being worked out.

 See Annexure 3 for details